Project Scope Management
Project scope management is primarily concerned with determining what is and is not included in the project.
It is critical in assisting project managers, coordinators, and supervisors in focusing on what is most important for the project and allocating the appropriate amount of work to team members who can truly help the project succeed.
Let's compare delivering a project to constructing a structure to make things clearer.
Before work begins, a fence is erected around the site.
It is done to define the boundaries of the construction so that people involved in the construction part know where to stop.
This part is called scoping.
Importance of scope project management
Demands are expanding at an unprecedented rate as projects become larger and more complicated.
To complete a major job, you'll need more time, work, and resources. As a result, it's critical to specify the scope of both the product and the project.
It allows you to stay focused on the scope management plan's task while also keeping in mind that unforeseen changes can affect time, cost, quality, resources, and even customer satisfaction.
There are fewer risks of acquiring inaccurate information, which could be deadly to the project's success because the information is acquired from all stakeholders and sponsors far in advance.
Processes of project scope management
Plan scope management process
The first stage in the project scope management process is to define the project's scope.
A scope management plan is generated based on the input from the project plan in this procedure, which was recently included in the fifth edition of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK).
It is not necessary for the paper to be extensive, lengthy, or formal. Everyone should be able to understand it and it should accomplish the goal.
Collect requirements process
After the proposal has been considered and finalized, you must document the needs and requirements while controlling the stakeholders' expectations.
The goal is to create a comprehensive list of project needs that allows no space for misunderstandings, errors, or unpleasant surprises as the project progresses toward completion.
Scope definition process
The collected data and details are then translated into a detailed product description, as well as a reference point for what is and is not in scope.
The requirements and deliverables are clearly specified in this document so that project members know exactly what has to be done when and in what time range.
Create the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) process
The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is an important component of scope management.
Breaking down larger jobs into digestible portions is emphasized in order to create a systematic perspective of what has to be done.
As a result, the process is better coordinated and understood.
Validating scope process
This step is more about obtaining project clients to sign off on deliverables.
Customers are also asked to provide feedback, suggestions, and guidance on the work.
Validating the scope is normally done at the conclusion of each step.